Although extracts from the hemp plant have been used medically in many folk remedies for more than 5000 years, hemp has struggled with its rather bad reputation in our cultural sector for centuries. Until recently, most people have mainly associated illegal drugs such as marijuana with the cannabis plant.
Nutritionally conscious people have perhaps always appreciated hemp oil and other hemp products as valuable foods. All in all, hemp was a living thing that, in the opinion of most people, always bordered on the illegality of addictive drugs.
Since a few years different active substances of the hemp plant have emerged from the shadow of intoxication and drug addiction. Doctors and scientists rediscovered the medical potential of cannabis.
A real hype has arisen, which sometimes makes it difficult for us to correctly classify the different names such as CBD, cannabis and hemp. We want to help you with this contribution.
CBD or THC? Different types of cannabis with different ingredients
Most people do not know that different hemp plants are cultivated and used. So if you are dealing with cannabis, you may understand the term cannabis as a botanical and content-related generic term for very different extracts and products.
Within the framework of European legal systems, the cultivation of useful or industrial hemp ("Cannabis sativa") may be legally cultivated. In contrast, cannabis indica plays a key role in the cultivation of illegal drug crops.
What is the difference between the two types of hemp?
THC - the noise generating substance
When we talk about marijuana or weed, we regularly talk about the intoxicating effect that some extracts from the cannabis plant can produce. Hashish and marijuana are produced from flowers, inflorescences and leaves.
The substance tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC for short, is responsible for the intoxicating and addictive effects. This substance is obtained in pure form from the resin of the plant, whereby the subspecies indica is particularly rich in THC. The psychoactive agent belongs to the so-called cannabinoids.
We will see that cannabinoids as a whole are very interesting substances with regard to potential effects in the human body.
Cannabidiol (CBD) - the non-psychoactive cannabinoid
CBD is also a cannabinoid. However, the substance is not psychoactive. CBD is represented in the different hemp species. However, the CBD oil sold in Europe is obtained exclusively from the subspecies sativa.
Cannabis sativa is poor in THC. It may legally contain less than 0.2% of the noise generating substance.
The CBD oil should not be confused with hemp oil. The latter is extracted from the seeds of hemp and is an edible oil.
Cannabinoids - not alien to the human body
When the effect of noise-producing cannabinoids began to be investigated, the scientists involved made an interesting discovery. The human organism itself produces substances that can be compared to cannabinoids.
We now know them as endocannabinoids. They form the basis of the endocannabinoid system.
What can you imagine by that? And what do THC and CBD have to do with it?
Most physical reactions and processes are controlled by a complex system of different messengers and signalling substances. These substances occupy certain places which are distributed over the entire organism. We're talking about receptors here.
The receptors have a specific biochemical surface with which specific messenger substances can bind because they match this surface. It's like putting a key in a matching lock.
Via these receptors, signals are sent to our nervous system by the messenger substances, and then pain or anxiety are sensed, for example.
Other messenger substances dampen these sensations by reducing or preventing certain reactions by occupying the receptors. The cannabinoids of the hemp plant can also occupy these receptors in the endocannabinoid system.
Subsequently, like endocannabinoids, they are capable of inducing or suppressing certain reactions.
Confusion of cannabinoids not excluded
Since both THC and CBD are cannabinoids, both substances combine with different receptors in the human endocannabinoid system.
It is therefore understandable if you can easily confuse the various designations and their effects.
But as soon as you realize that tetrahydrocannabinol stands for the psychoactive effect of the hemp plant and CBD does not, the differentiation immediately becomes much easier. Weed and hashish can be classified per se in the psychoactive and addictive area.
Due to the described mechanisms in the endocannabinoid system, both cannabinoids could produce medical as well as health effects.
Scientific research into these effects is far from complete. Furthermore, not all cannabinoids of the cannabis plant have yet been identified and described with their potential functions.
Hemp products such as marijuana, hashish and weed are subject to strict legal limits. If we take a closer look, the THC is strictly regulated.
In many European countries, products containing more than 0.2% tetrahydrocannabinol are considered illegal drugs. However, the individual European countries differ with regard to national requirements. For example, Holland has long developed a more liberal system here than most other countries.
Since research into the medical effects of THC has been intensified in recent decades, it is possible in many countries to obtain THC-containing preparations on prescription. However, here too the relevant frameworks are tight and very carefully monitored.
In addition, standardized and also synthetic drug extracts from THC were developed, which continue to be fully subject to the Narcotics Law.
Since CBD is not a psychoactive substance, the active substance is not subject to the Narcotics Law. However, the legal status of cannabidiol is currently not fully clarified.
Many representatives of the authorities also continue to have their own assumptions on the subject. They associate the keyword cannabis and therefore CBD exclusively with drugs such as marijuana or weed.
In regulatory terms, CBD gives rise to various questions of demarcation from the pharmaceutical sector and, in the broad field of food, from the distinction from so-called novel foods.
Despite this still largely unclear demarcation, trade in CBD oil is currently widely accepted.
The CBD is integrated into its natural active ingredient environment together with other ingredients of the crop hemp plant.
CBD - an active ingredient of the hemp plant causes a sensation
Although physicians and researchers have also associated cannabis only with marijuana and illegal drugs for decades, many people had a vague idea of positive health effects from the tradition of thousands of years of using cannabis products.
Many users test products such as CBD oil to make their own experiences.
It is an advantage for many users that this cannabis product is neither addictive nor intoxicating, but on the other hand they can benefit from pain-relieving or mood-lifting effects.
As more and more CBD products are coming onto the market - especially via the Internet - these products have recently become available to many people for the first time.
Initial scientific studies investigating the effects of CBD in isolation seem to confirm positive user experiences with this cannabinoid. It is therefore not surprising that many people are attracted to a tolerable, non-addictive and effective cannabis product.
Maybe you have already tried CBD yourself or would like to test our full spectrum oils based on other users' reports.
Not every CBD product is of the same high quality
CBD oils can be produced in various ways. One aspect is particularly important for the quality of such a product: not all products are absorbed by the human body in the same way.
Experts speak of so-called bioavailability.
It evaluates how well our organism absorbs a particular substance or product. CBD oils describe a so-called "entourage effect". The substance is particularly well absorbed if it remains in its natural environment, as is the case with full spectrum oils or liposomal CBD oil.
What does medicine say about THC and CBD?
At this point you already know more about the differences between cannabis, CBD and THC. You can also classify Marijuana and Weed in terms of content and legal status.
When it comes to the potential medical effects of cannabinoids, both substances score here, whether with or without intoxication.
Since cannabidiol does not produce intoxication, it may be freely acquired. It is also thought to have a more gentle, yet effective effect on various health conditions.
Products with THC are still reserved for the strictly medical sector.
In the case of the endocannabinoid system, researchers are talking about possible effects of varying intensity of THC and CBD in both cannabinoids, for example in
- convulsive diseases
- even with tumor diseases to some extent.
Further studies in the coming years will show how THC and CBD can be further differentiated in detail and in their effect. There are currently considerably more studies in the strictly medical field on prescription THC extracts.
If you are interested in studies on THC and CBD, you will find a good overview with further links here:
The continuing hype about cannabis and CBD means that many more studies are planned and interesting results can be expected in the near future. We'll keep you posted. Just follow our blog posts.
Note: In this article we report on prescription cannabis, prescription CBD or over-the-counter or legal CBD. This Article does not make any proposal as to the possible purpose of the proposal and is for information and education purposes only. Promises of healing and benefits are excluded.